Gustave Courbet

1819 Born at Ornans, Franche-Comté.

1837 After being taught at the Petit Séminaire in Ornans by a pupil of Antoine-Jean Gros, Courbet attends the Collège Royal in Besançon.

1839 Begins his training as a painter in Paris but is soon disillusioned by the academic teaching at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts.

1846 Courbet visits the Netherlands and Belgium. He is influenced by the paintings of Rembrandt and Hals.

1851 Three works (including Burial at Ornans) exhibited at the Salon create considerable interest and shock at the realistic portrayal of peasants.

1855 Courbet has 11 paintings accepted for the Exposition Universelle but The Artists Studio is rejected. Courbet therefore funds his own Pavillon du Réalism near to the official exhibition.

1859 Starts to visit the Normandy coast on painting expeditions.

1870 Courbet refuses the offer of the Cross of the Légion d’honneur. Establishes a Federation of Artists, calling for freedom against censorship in art. Daumier, Manet and Corot are amongst the members.

1871 During the Commune Courbet is appointed as president of the Commission for the Protection of Artistic Monuments in Paris. After the overthrow of the Commune Courbet is implicated in the demolition of the Vendôme Column and imprisoned.

1873 Faced with the cost of re-erecting the Vendôme Column, Courbet moves into exile in Switzerland to avoid bankruptcy.

1877 Courbet dies of liver disease exacerbated by heavy drinking, at La Tour-de-Peilz near Vevey in Switzerland.



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Gustave Courbet - Selected Works

1846 Self Portrait (Man with Leather Belt), Paris, Musée d’Orsay

1850 Portrait of Hector Berlioz, Paris, Musée d’Orsay

1851 Burial at Ornans , Paris, Musée du Louvre

1852 Young Women of the Village Giving Arms to a Cowherd, New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art

1853 The Sleeping Spinner, Montpellier, Musée Fabre

1854 Bonjour Monsieur Courbet (The Meeting), Montpellier, Musée Fabre

1855 The Artist’s Studio, Paris, Musée d’Orsay

1857 Young Ladies on the Banks of the Seine (Summer), Paris, Musée du Petit Palais

1858 The Hunt Breakfast, Cologne, Wallraf-Richartz Museum

1861 Woman with White Stockings, Merion, Barnes Foundation

1863 The Source of the Loue, Zurich, Kunsthaus

1865 Low tide at Trouville, Liverpool, Walker Art Gallery

1866 The Origin of the World, Paris, Musée d’Orsay

1865–66 Woman with a Parrot, New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art

1865–66 Jo, The Beautiful Irish Girl, Stockholm, Nationalmuseum

1866 Sleep, Paris, Musée du Petit Palais

1865–67 Pierre-Joseph Proudhon and his Children in 1853, Paris, Musée du Petit Palais

1868 Charity of the Beggar at Ornans, Glasgow, Art Gallery and Museum

1868 The Source, Paris, Musée d’Orsay

1869 The Sea-arch at Etretat, Birmingham, Barber Institute of Fine Arts

1870 The Wave, Frankfurt, Stédelsches Kunstinstitut

1870 The Cliff at Étretat after the storm, Paris, Musée d’Orsay

1871 The Trout, Zurich, Kunsthaus

1872 Red Apples at the Foot of a Tree, Munich, Neue Pinakothek

1874 The Chateau de Chillon , Ornans, Musée Courbet

Gustave Courbet - Featured Paintings

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