Raphael

1483 Born in Urbino – his father Giovanni Santi was a painter at the Montefeltro court in Urbino.

1500? He is probably a pupil of Perugino at about this time.

1504 Raphael moves to Florence. He becomes friendly with local artists, particularly Fra Bartolommeo and studies the work of Leonardo, Michelangelo and Donatello.

1508 Raphael is summoned to Rome to work for Pope Julius II primarily on the decoration of the Vatican Palace; first on the Stanza della Segnatura. Michelangelo is working on the Sistine ceiling at the time.

1512 Probable completion of the frescoes for the Stanza della Segnatura. Begins work on the Stanza d’Eliodoro. Also working on a number of commissions for altarpieces.

1514 Pope Leo X names Raphael as the architect of St Peter’s in succession to Bramante who dies in April. Completes fresco decoration of the Stanza d’Eliodoro and starts on the Stanza dell’Incendio.

1515 Works on tapestry designs for the Sistine Chapel (Cartoons now in the V & A). Writes an open letter to the Pope appealing for an end to the destruction of archaeological remains.

1517 Starts work on his last altarpiece, The Transfiguration which is left unfinished at his death.

1518 Completes plans for a villa, to be sited just outside Rome, for Cardinal Giulio de’ Medici.

1520 Dies in Rome (April) at the age of 37 at the height of his powers.

 

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Raphael - Selected Works

c1503 The Annunciation, Rome, Pinacoteca Vaticana

1503 The Mond Crucifixion, London, National Gallery

1504 The Marriage of the Virgin, Milan, Pinacoteca Brera

1505 Madona del Granduca, Florence, Palazzo Pitti

1506 Madonna in the Meadow, Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum

c1506 Agnolo Doni, Florence, Palazzo Pitti

c1506 Maddalena Strozzi Doni, Florence, Palazzo Pitti

1507 Entombment of Christ , Vatican, Pinacoteca Vaticana

1507 St Catherine of Alexandria, London, National Gallery

1508 The Madonna of the Pinks, London, National Gallery

1509 Disputà, Vatican, Stanza della Segnatura

1511 The School of Athens, Vatican, Stanza della Segnatura

1512 Triumph of Galatea, Rome, Palazzo della Farnesina

1512 Portrait of Pope Julius II, London, National Gallery

1512 The Mass at Bolsena, Vatican, Stanza d’Eliodoro

1512 Madonna of Foligno, Vatican, Pinacoteca Vaticana

1513 Pope Leo X with Giulio de’ Medici and Luigi de’ Rossi, Florence, Galleria degli Uffizi

1514 The Sistine Madonna, Dresden, Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister

1514 The Meeting of Attila and Leo the Great at the River Mincio, Vatican, Stanza d’Eliodoro

1514 The Deliverance of St Peter, Vatican, Stanza d’Eliodoro

1514 The Fire in the Borgo, Vatican, Sala Dell’Incendio

1516 Baldassare Castiglione, Paris, Musée du Louvre

c1516 Portrait of Andrea Navagero and Agostino Beazzano, Rome, Galleriea Doria Pamphili

1518 Self Portrait with his ‘Fencing Master’, Paris, Musée du Louvre

c1518 ‘La Fornarina’, Rome, Galleria Nazionale di Palazzo Barberini

1520 The Transfiguration, Vatican, Pinacoteca Vaticana

Raphael - Featured Paintings

 
© Great Works of Western Art 2017