John Constable

1776 Born at East Bergholt in Suffolk the son of a gentleman farmer who also had a milling business.

1796 Meets Sir George Beaumont who owns Claude Lorrain’s Landscape with Hagar and the Angel, a painting which inspires the young Constable to pursue his artistic ambitions.

1799 Begins his studies at the Royal Academy Schools.

1802 Exhibited at the Royal Academy for the first time.

1806 Visits the Lake District.

1809 Falls in love with Maria Bicknell, granddaughter of the rector of East Bergholt but her family disapproves.

1811 Visits Salisbury, staying with the bishop, Dr John Fisher.

1816 The death of his father brings some financial security and despite her family’s opposition Constable marries Maria. In December they settle in London.

1819 Constable rents a house in the London suburb of Hampstead, prompted by Maria’s illness with tuberculosis. Becomes an ARA.

1820 Visits Salisbury and sketches in the surrounding countryside.

1824 Wins a gold medal at the Paris Salon.

1828 Maria dies of tuberculosis leaving seven children.

1829 Belatedly becomes a full member of the Royal Academy.

1837 Dies at Hampstead.


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John Constable - Selected Works

1814 The Stour Valley with the Church at Dedham, Boston, Museum of Fine Arts

c1816 Weymouth Bay with Jordan Hill, London, National Gallery

1816 Portrait of Maria Bicknell, London, Tate

1817 Flatford Mill, London, Tate

1819 The White Horse, New York, Frick Collection

1820 View of Salisbury, Paris, Musée du Louvre

1821 The Haywain, London, National Gallery

1826 The Cornfield, London, National Gallery

1826 Salisbury Cathedral from the Bishop‰’s Garden, New York, Frick Collection

1828 The Vale of Dedham, Edinburgh, National Gallery of Scotland

c1828 Sketch for Hadleigh Castle, London, Tate

1831 Salisbury Cathedral from the Meadows, London, National Gallery

1833 The Cenotaph to Reynolds' Memory, Coleorton, London, National Gallery

c1833 Cottage at East Bergholt, Port Sunlight, Lady Lever Art Gallery

1836 Stonehenge, London, V & A

John Constable - Featured Paintings

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