Caspar David Friedrich

1774 Born in Greifswald on the Baltic coast of Germany.

1794 Begins his studies at the Akademi for de Skønne Kunster in Copenhagen.

1798 Leaves Denmark and settles in Dresden where his output is predominantly drawing and sepia.

1805 He submits two drawings to the Weimarer Kunstfreunde and wins a prize.

1807 Friedrich begins painting in oils.

1813 Dresden is occupied by the French.

1814 After the liberation of Dresden, Friedrich takes part in a celebratory exhibition.

1823 The Norwegian painter Johann Christian Dahl takes up residence in part of Freidrich’s house. They also exhibit together.

1824 Friedrich is appointed honorary professor at the Dresden Academy but fails to win a position as a landscape painting teacher. This failure was a great disappointment.

1835 He suffers a stroke which prevents him from painting.

1840 Dies in Dresden.


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Caspar David Friedrich - Selected Works

c1807 Seashore in the Mist, Vienna, Belvedere

1810 Abbey in an Oak Forest, Berlin, Schloss Charlottenburg

1809–10 Monk by the Sea, Berlin, Schloss Charlottenburg

1811 Winter Landscape, London, National Gallery

1814 Early Snow, Hamburg, Kunsthalle

1817 Two Men by the Sea at Moonrise, Berlin, Staatliche Museen

1818 Woman before the Rising Sun, Essen, Museum Folkwang

c1818 The Chalk Cliffs at Rügen, Winterthur, Museum Oskar Reinhart am Stadtgarten

1818–1819 On the Sailing Boat, St Petersburg, State Hermitage Museum

1820 Sisters, St Petersburg, State Hermitage Museum

1821 Moon Rising over the Sea, Saint Petersburg, State Hermitage Museum

c1821 Meadows near Greifswald, Hamburg, Kunsthalle

1821 Moonrise over the Sea, St Petersburg, State Hermitage Museum

1822 Woman by the Window, Berlin, Staatliche Museen

1822 The Tree of Crows, Paris, Musée du Louvre

1823 Moonrise over the Sea, Berlin, Staatliche Museen

1823–4 Sea of Ice, Hamburg, Kunsthalle

1823–5 Northern Landscape, Spring, Washington, National Gallery

c1830 Mountain Landscape in Bohemia, Hamburg, Kunsthalle

c1830 The Evening Star, Frankfurt, Frankfurter Goethe-Museum

1835 Riesengebirge, Saint Petersburg, State Hermitage Museum

1835 Landscape with the Rosenberg in the Bohemian Mountains, Frankfurt, Städelsches Kunstinstitut

1837–9 Moonrise on an empty Shore, Washington, National Gallery

Caspar David Friedrich - Featured Paintings

© Great Works of Western Art 2019