Lucas Cranach the Elder

1472 Born in Kronach.

1501 or 2 He is working in Vienna.

1504 Cranach is appointed court artist to the Elector of Saxony, Duke Frederick the Wise at Wittenberg.

1508 Duke Frederick grants him a coat of arms featuring a winged serpent, a device he now uses as his signature. Travels to the Netherlands on behalf of the Duke.

1519 Designs the earliest surviving propaganda sheet in support of Reformation theology.

1520 Cranach engraves portraits of his friend Martin Luther.

1522 Illustrates the Book of Revelation in the first edition of Luther’s translation of the New Testament. Cranach partly underwrites the publication of Luther’s translation.

1523 Cranach installs a printing press in his house.

1524 Prints part of Luther’s translation of the Old Testament.

1528 Cranach has become one of the wealthiest citizens in Wittenberg according to tax records.

1547 With the capture of Duke John Frederick by the forces of Charles V, Cranach loses his position as court painter.

1550 Decides to join the Duke in captivity in Augsberg. Continues to paint.

1552 Moves to live with his daughter and son-in-law in Weimar.

1553 Dies at Weimar.


Country, Region or State:


Lucas Cranach the Elder - Selected Works

1501 The Crucifixion, Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum

1502 St Jerome as a Hermit, Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum

1504 Rest on the Flight into Egypt, Berlin, Staatliche Museen

1509 Portraits of Johann the Steadfast and Johann Friedrich the Magnanimous, London, National Gallery

1514 Judgement of Paris, Cologne, Wallraf-Richartz Museum

1526 Portrait of a Lady, Saint Petersburg, Hermitage

1526 Adam and Eve, London, Courtauld Institute Galleries

1527 Cardinal Albrecht von Brandenburg as St Jerome in the Wilderness, Berlin, Staatliche Museen

1528 The Judgment of Paris, New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art

1529 Stag Hunt of the Elector Frederick the Wise, Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum

1530 The Judgement of Paris, Karlsruhe, Staatliche Kunsthalle

1530 Cupid complaining to Venus, London, National Gallery

1530 Judith with the Head of Holofernes, Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum

1534 The Nymph of the Fountain, Liverpool, Walker Art Gallery

Lucas Cranach the Elder - Featured Paintings

© Great Works of Western Art 2019